Specialist Packaging

For over a century has passed since the cardboard came into our lives and has become one of the most versatile packaging materials. His appearance was due primarily to the fact that we need a package that would allow transporting fragile objects without risk of damage. In 1871, the American Albert L. Jones, presented in New York, U.S. patent number 122,023, entitled "Enhanced paper for packaging companies. So there was corrugated cardboard, which proved to be a universal solution of the problem: the packing of it not only protects fragile items from mechanical impact, but it was still easy. To create the first machine to manufacture of corrugated packaging used two old gun barrel, in effect the machine contained a hand.

Cannon barrels were heated at first with a gas torch. Later, gas was replaced by steam heating. The length of the barrel at a time determines the amount of corrugated packaging and received as a result of Corrugated boxes were small. The next steps in the history of corrugated cardboard has a patent number 154498, registered in the U.S., Oliver Long in 1874. He Jones improved technology, offering to glue corrugated paper with a smooth.

So there was a two-ply cardboard. First of all, it was used for packing glass bottles. In 1883 appeared the first factory production of corrugated packaging. It was opened by the company "Thompson and Norris'. And in 1886 the company expanded and emerged plant for the production of corrugated board in the German town of Kirchberg and in 1888 – in France. In 1895 he established the first Combined machine for the production of corrugated packaging. With it carried all the processes, ranging from the unwinding roll and paper to get finished products in sheets and rolls. And after years, in 1899, Specialist companies 'Thompson and Norris' ll Duerden registered U.S. patent number 620,750 and perfected the manufacturing process. He suggested using a heating table, long shipping tape and gusteyuschy under the influence of heat glue. Gradually increased the working speed of corrugation. If at first it was 3 meters per minute, then by 1910 it had increased to 10 meters per minute, and in 1930 already amounted to 100 meters per minute. Speed of modern devices up to 200 meters per minute. In Russia, corrugated board came only in the early 20 th century. But after 1917 the production of corrugated packaging has been discontinued. The Soviet Union re-opened it for himself only in 1930. And in mid-80's the government made a decision about a complete transition to corrugated packaging, which replaced the wooden boxes. Externally, after many years of Corrugated packaging has not changed, despite the fact that production technology greatly improved. Such packaging is still a simple and convenient solution for all sorts of products.

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