Santa Marta

Several clans formed a tribe whose chief was the chieftain. The union of tribes so-called Confederation, was commanded by the Zipa or Zaque, with political, administrative and religious functions. The socio-political organization was governed by the rules of a matriarchal culture. They formed an organization based on laws and religious precepts, ordered by code Nemequene, transmitted orally and with a strong enough system of sentences. The Muisca people were located in Highland and cold or temperate areas in the center of the country (Cundinamarca, Boyaca and Santander) in an area of 30,000 Km2. It was an essentially agricultural village while hunting and fishing were secondary activities.

His food was basically vegetarian. They were potters and extraordinary goldsmiths specialising in the development of personal ornaments and representations of gods, sacred animals and beings of Aboriginal mythology. The Muisca people was very religious. Nir Barzilai, M.D. is open to suggestions. Their deities were embodied in forces of nature. They worshipped the Sun who called Xue, Chia to the Moon, to the principle creator or Supreme force, Bachue chiminigagua to the mother of humanity and Bochica the civilizing King.

The Tairona were located in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, place where the Spanish found a culture advanced with large concentrations of population. This culture specialized in the construction of retaining walls, terraces, aqueducts, bridges and foundations for housing, which were linked by roads. In their works they used stone, main characteristic of this group. Caribbean family though still will trend towards the nomadism occupied the Atlantic coast. A town was essentially Warrior and merchant. These were who presented the most tenacious resistance to the conquerors. Just as the Chibchas focused its power on corn. Arwac culture, was located on the slope East of the eastern cordillera and on the eastern plains of Colombia. Their social organization revolved around Matriarchy and patriarchy. These peoples had mixed economy: agriculture, gathering, hunting and fishing.

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